Friday, March 8, 2019

Otis Adelbert Kline's Jan of the Jungle

Otis Adelbert Kline (1891–1946) was an American pulp writer in the mould of Edgar Rice Burroughs. In fact he is sometimes dismissed as a mere imitator of Burroughs. Whatever sub-genres Burroughs worked in (or often invented) you could be pretty sure that Kline would soon be working in as well. Like Burroughs he wrote sword-and-planet adventures set on Mars and Venus, he wrote lost world stories and he wrote jungle adventure stories. An imitator he may have been, but at the time he was considered to be possibly Burroughs’ most serious rival in those genres.

Jan of the Jungle, published in 1931, is a jungle adventure tale about a boy raised by chimpanzees, which certainly does sound remarkably close to Burroughs’ most famous creation, Tarzan.

Jan is the son of a millionaire. For complicated reasons he is kidnapped as a baby by the evil mad scientist Dr Bracken and raised by a female chimpanzee. He can understand the primitive language of chimpanzees but he has no knowledge of any human languages. Since the book takes place in South America you may be about to object that there are no chimpanzees in South America but Kline has that objection neatly covered.

He escapes and has various adventures in the jungles of South America, with Dr Bracken pursuing him remorselessly. He also meet Ramona and falls in love with her. We will later discover that her personal history is as strange as Jan’s.

So far it sounds like an exact Tarzan clone but things are about to change. Jan chances upon the entrance to an underground river which takes him to a hidden valley. Jan of the Jungle is about to become a lost world tale.

At this point Kline decides to abandon any pretence at plausibility. The hidden valley contains not only a Mesoamerican lost civilisation but a huge variety of extinct animals, ranging from species extinct for thousands of years (such as sabre-toothed cats) to those that have been extinct for tens of millions of years (such as the stegasaurus). No explanation is offered for the survival of either the lost civilisation or the extinct animals. Not that it matters - if one demanded strict plausibility of lost world takes one would end with no more than a tiny handful to choose from.

There are two main sub-plots, the Jan sub-plot which concerns his parentage and Dr Bracken’s many attempts to recapture him, and the Ramona sub-plot which concerns her parentage and an attempt to kidnap her. Kline also at least pays lip service to the “boy caught between two worlds” theme but with an added twist since Jan is caught between three worlds - the modern world, the world of the jungle and the world of the hidden valley. To Jan it seems like the latter two are more likely to bring him contentment but then there’s the question of Ramona.

Dr Bracken is obviously a serious villain but in the hidden valley Jan will find another equally dangerous and treacherous enemy.

The important thing is that there’s enough here to satisfy the tastes of both jungle adventure and lost world fans and if you’re a straightforward fan of action and adventure you’ll find both those commodities in generous quantities.

Now if this had been an Edgar Rice Burroughs story there would have been a lot more attention paid to making the lost world more complex and more interesting and to explaining how it actually works. It would have been a much more fully developed lost world. Kline however has no such ambitions. He’s content to write an exciting pulp adventure yarn.

In other words there’s a reason Edgar Rice Burroughs is still a household name and Otis Adalbert Kline isn’t.

That’s not to say that there’s anything wrong with Jan of the Jungle. As long as you accept its pulp limitations it’s enjoyable. If you’re a Tarzan fan and you’ve read all the Tarzan stories or if you’re a lost world buff like me you’ll want to check this one out. Not great but still fun.


  1. Hello,

    Since you're a lost world fan I thought this might be of interest. We've just published the first annotated Kindle anthology of Australian lost race romances. The anthology includes:

    The Lost Explorer by James Francis Hogan, 1890 (First Kindle Edition)
    The Golden Lake by W Carlton Dawe, 1891 (First Kindle Edition)
    A Haunt of the Jinkarras by Ernest Favenc, 1894 (First Kindle Edition)
    The Secret of the Australian Desert by Ernest Favenc, 1896 (First Kindle Edition)
    Marooned on Australia by Ernest Favenc, 1896 (First Kindle Edition)
    An Australian Bush Track by John David Hennessey, 1896
    The Adventure of the Broad Arrow by Morley Roberts, 1897 (First Kindle Edition)
    The Last Lemurian by George Firth Scott, 1898
    Eureka by Owen Hall, 1899 (First Kindle Edition)
    Fugitive Anne by Rosa Campbell Praed, 1902
    The Lost Explorers by Alexander MacDonald, 1906
    The Silver Queen by William Sylvester Walker, 1908 (First Kindle Edition)
    Out of the Silence by Erle Stanley Cox, 1919 (The original edition, not the text available freely online)

    All of the texts are complete and unabridged. I believe this is the only electronic edition of Eureka and its first republication since 1901.

    The anthology also includes a bibliography for further reading: a list of 44 Australian lost race tales and about a dozen or so academic texts.

    An overview of the anthology is available at the link below

    Best regards,

    ROH Press

    1. Since you're a lost world fan I thought this might be of interest. We've just published the first annotated Kindle anthology of Australian lost race romances.

      That sounds great. I had no idea there were any Australian lost race tales and I certainly didn't know that there were actually lots! Definitely tempting.

  2. Just a little note: I recently read Robert Moore Williams' "Jongor of Lost Land" 1942(Popular Library version 1970)... It's Tarzan; set in a version of Australia that's pretty flimsy and contains a lost valley with dinosaurs, a lost civilization and airships... A short novel brimming with elements carelessly borrowed from Edgar Rice Burroughs and clearly a step down from Kline. Still Jongor's got a bracelet that allows him to telepathically control dinosaurs... I can't totally dismiss a novel where the hero rides to the rescue on a Brontosaur.

    1. I can't totally dismiss a novel where the hero rides to the rescue on a Brontosaur.

      If it has dinosaurs and airships then it's got my attention right away! I"ll have to keep a lookout for this one. Thanks for the recommendation.